From the Archives: 10 Essential Quotes for the Strength Trainee
by Nick Delgadillo, SSC | November 30, 2019
“You embrace the fear. You love it when it feels heavy. You hate variety. You think people who make up bullshit excuses to justify their desire to do something easier are just scared, and you are not one of them. You are a lifter, and you lift heavy things…”
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Mark Rippetoe and Starting Strength Coach John Musser discuss John's work in the field of executive protection.
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Mark Rippetoe explains the role of the spotter in the bench press and demonstrates the proper way to spot.
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Even for huge dudes, there are right ways and wrong ways to approach holiday feasts. Learn the Animals’ strategies for clean bulking and enjoying the season.
After church, many enjoy spending their Sunday afternoons huddled around the TV to watch the home team play football. But what’s game day without the delicious snacks that come with it? Some people use tasty treats as an excuse to get excited about the big game in the first place!
Just because you want to enjoy the football appetizers doesn’t mean you have to skip out on your primarily raw, plant-based eating habits. You can enjoy dozens of fun and satisfying recipes during the game while following the Hallelujah Diet!
If you’re hosting the next football Sunday get-together, try some of our favorite appetizer recipes!
This bite-size snack is full of flavor and freshness.
8 tomatoes – chopped
5 fresh basil leaves – chopped
2 garlic cloves – minced
1 pinch dried oregano
Dash of crushed red pepper
Dash of unrefined sea salt
1 tablespoon extra virgin olive oil
1 loaf organic, whole-grain French- or Italian-style bread
First, slice the organic whole-grain bread into half-inch pieces, and toast them until slightly crisp. Set aside.
Toss tomatoes, basil, garlic, oregano, red pepper, sea salt and olive oil in a large bowl.
To assemble the bruschetta, simply top each toasted bread slice with the tomato mixture. Enjoy!
2. Cheesy Popcorn
By using an air popper and cheese substitute, this popcorn will taste great without the guilt!
1/2 cup organic popping corn
1/4 cup organic virgin coconut oil
1/4 cup nutritional yeast
Unrefined sea salt to taste
First, use an air popper to make the popcorn. Once the popcorn is popped, drizzle with melted organic virgin coconut oil, and sprinkle with nutritional yeast and sea salt.
3. Chili Lime Sweet Potato Chips
What’s football Sunday without potato chips? Here’s another tasty traditional treat without the added trans fat.
2 sweet potatoes
4 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
4 tablespoons lime juice
2 tablespoons chili powder
4 teaspoons cumin
1 teaspoon garlic powder
2 teaspoons unrefined sea salt
First, mix all seasonings in a bowl. Set aside.
Using a mandolin, slice the sweet potatoes as thin as possible. Pour the seasoning mixture over the sliced potatoes, and toss to coat.
Place seasoned slices on prepared dehydrator trays, and dehydrate at 105 degrees for about 24 hours, flipping over halfway through.
4. Red Hot Snackers
Try this spicy snack when the game gets intense!
3 cups sunflower seeds
1 cup flaxseeds
2 large tomatoes
1/2 cup sweet onion
2 teaspoons chili pepper flakes
2 teaspoons cumin
2 teaspoons Celtic sea salt
Simply blend all ingredients in a food processor, and then spread the mixture over 4-6 dehydrator trays. Let mixture heat until completely dry.
Break into bite-size pieces, and serve immediately or keep stored in a tight-sealed container for up to 10 days.
5. Raw Spinach Dip
Try this delicious dip with your favorite raw crunchy veggies.
5 cups spinach
1 large avocado – peeled and pitted
1/2 cup red onion pieces
1 small garlic clove – peeled
3 tablespoons fresh lemon juice
1 teaspoon unrefined salt
Pinch of cayenne pepper
Pinch of ginger root – optional
Place all ingredients in a food processor, and blend until smooth and creamy. Transfer to a serving bowl, and enjoy!
6. Easy Cheese Sauce
A trans-fat and dairy-free cheese sauce? You can’t say no to this ultimate appetizer.
1/2 cup grapeseed oil vegan mayonnaise
1 tablespoon nutritional yeast
Place the vegan mayonnaise, nutritional yeast and about two teaspoons of distilled water in a food processor, and blend until smooth and creamy. Add more water to reach the perfect consistency.
Transfer the mixture to a serving dish, and eat with crunch-fresh veggies and organic, whole-grain crackers!
7. Rhonda’s Raw Guacamole Dip
Our own Rhonda Malkmus makes a mean guacamole. Try her fresh recipe with organic whole grain chips or pita bread.
2 ripe medium-size avocados – peeled and pitted
1 tablespoon fresh lemon or lime juice
1 garlic clove – peeled
1/2 teaspoon Celtic or Himalayan salt
Cayenne pepper – dash or to taste
2 Roma tomatoes – diced
1/2 cup red sweet onion – diced fine
1 red bell pepper – diced fine
6 cilantro leaves – minced
Place avocados, lemon juice, garlic, salt and cayenne pepper in a food processor, blending until smooth and creamy. Transfer to a large bowl.
Add tomatoes, onion, red pepper and cilantro to avocado mixture, and fold the ingredients until combined.
For best taste, serve immediately.
8. Jalapeño Cornbread Muffins
Bake this recipe right before the guests arrive for the ultimate freshness.
1 1/2 cups organic cornmeal
1/2 cup spelt flour
2 teaspoon baking powder – aluminum free
1 teaspoon sea salt
4 tablespoons honey
2 tablespoons melted coconut oil and a little extra for greasing your muffin pan
1 1/2 cups non-dairy milk – almond, riceor coconut
1 cup organic corn kernels, fresh or frozen and thawed
1 jalapeño pepper – seeds removed and finely chopped
Prepare a muffin pan with coconut oil, and heat the oven to 400 degrees.
In a small bowl, combine all dry ingredients. In another bowl, mix all wet ingredients. Combine dry and wet ingredients until smooth.
Pour the finished mixture into the prepared muffin tin, and bake for 25 minutes. Enjoy!
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Rip has been notoriously critical of Collegiate Strength and Conditioning Coaches. Probably, to some extent, for good reason. We can be our own worst enemy. Just pull up some of the outrageous YouTube videos of the circus acts performed in the weight room or the clown shows prior to football games. However, there are also a lot of good, hard working, knowledgeable people in the profession, working their asses off, staying behind the scenes, putting their athletes first, doing some great work. It is my aim to promote some of these people. A few of these people even implement the Starting Strength methodologies into their programs.
To my knowledge, there are not many collegiate strength coaches doing so. Tom DiStasio SSC, was my former assistant for over 7 years, and is currently the Head Strength Coach at Morgan State. He uses the methodology, and is one of the best strength coaches I have ever encountered. He will be the subject of a future interview. Josh Jirgal is my former assistant, and currently Head Strength Coach at UT Permian Basin, and is starting to implement the program. Jennifer Pfohl also uses the methods as my assistant at Sacramento State.
There are others that I have not worked with directly or recently, but are using the methodology and implementing it in the collegiate setting. I wanted to learn more about how they are using the program and their experiences with it, and I figured you might also. The strength coaches I spoke to are Nate Moe, Amanda Sheppard, and John Norcott.
Nate Moe is currently the Assistant Athletic Director for Strength and Conditioning at South Dakota State. He has served as the Head Strength Coach there since 2005, with previous stops at Eastern Illinois, Rice University, and the University of Texas. He holds the MSCC credential and is a board member for the CSCCa organization. I first met Coach Moe in 2008 while I was working at Southern Illinois University, and we played them in football – I think we beat them that first year, and then they proceeded to kick our butts the next 2 years. You knew you were going to have to buckle your chinstrap and bring your lunch pail when you played his teams. I have the utmost respect for Coach Moe and his program. His teams are big, strong, and physical, and you can tell they value the weight room.
Amanda Sheppard is the Director of Strength and Conditioning for Olympic Sports at Northern Illinois University, where previously she served as a Graduate Assistant and competed in Softball. Amanda also worked for me as an Assistant at Sacramento State for 2 years. She holds the SCCC and CSCS certifications. By the time of this publication, she will have moved on from the University setting to pursue a career with the Starting Strength Franchise Gyms. Amanda was one of the finest coaches I have had the pleasure of working with in my 20 years – no nonsense, a very good technical eye, excellent floor presence, extremely sharp, and a huge proponent of the Starting Strength methodology. I am very much looking forward to working with her again at Starting Strength Denver.
John Norcott is currently the Head Strength and Conditioning Coach at Southwestern University. He has served as the Head Strength Coach there since 2018, with previous stops at Wayne State University, Wofford College, the Buffalo Bills, Eastern Michigan, and Harvard. He is SCCC and CSCS certified. John is also an elite powerlifter with five National Championships in the USAPL. He holds multiple Massachusetts State and New England Regional records. The Starting Strength movements have been a staple for him during his training the past 4 years. He has significantly adjusted his approach to powerlifting and his training due to the SS methods. I first met John 2.5 years ago when I interviewed him for an assistant position here at Sacramento State. Typical university politics factored into the process and we did not end up hiring John, which was a huge mistake, but I came away very impressed with him and have kept in contact since. I am very happy to see that he is having success and running his own program.
The following is our roundtable discussion.
Jared: Thank you all for joining us. First off, I am curious how and when each of you came across Starting Strength?
Nate Moe: I remember buying and reading the first edition of Practical Programming for Strength Training shortly after it was published. I cannot say I had a great understanding of the program at that time. I am not sure exactly how or when I became aware of Starting Strength but I do remember knowing about the program and website as early as 2010. We began using some basic concepts of a linear progression with our freshman redshirt football players shortly after that but I could not/would not call it “The Starting Strength method.”
Amanda Sheppard: I first came across Starting Strength, in particular, after my interview with Sacramento State back in the summer of 2015. After my interview, the coaching staff stressed their use of the methodology with the athletes and insisted on the importance of me diving into the books as soon as possible. Prior to that, I had read Practical Programming for Strength Training 2nd Edition during my graduate assistant position at NIU.
John Norcott: I was about 3 years into the profession of strength and conditioning when I got a chance to hang out with my former strength coach at his house. We were talking shop and I was asking him questions when he threw the book, “Strong Enough?” at me. Told me to read it and then read Starting Strength: Basic Barbell Training. This was back in 2015. It has been a total game changer in my approach ever since.
Jared: What was your initial reaction when you first started diving into the Starting Strength methodology? Were you sold on it immediately? Did you pass it off and pick it up later? Did you try it on yourself first, etc.?
NM: I remember agreeing with much of what I read and I was already sold on basic barbell training. I loved the simplicity of it all, but also the depth and complexity of reasons behind the method. Early on, I thought I understood it but I truly did not. I am sure I still have a lot to learn. Of course, I felt I was “trained” so I jumped right into a Texas method with myself and I was already in my mid 30’s. That was a rough start and I have since done an LP and modified Texas method with myself with much greater success in my mid 40’s. It did shift my thinking with our redshirt football players, in that we would use it for their initial program and progression.
We followed a basic linear progression of increasing the weight each week, but early on we still used a high-bar and front squat. In addition, we used a lot more variety in our exercises in those early days.
With our volleyball team, I utilize the LP with our freshman when they arrive, whether that is in the summer where we follow a 3x/week A/B linear progression for about 8 weeks, or in fall camp where we utilize a 2x/week A/B program. During their in-season, I only have them twice per week and the second workout is one day before they compete. This has meant that we have to make some modifications, but we still have had significant success in improving strength in-season with our freshman volleyball players.
AS: After reading the books post-interview, I immediately attempted to start training with the methodology and began a NLP over the summer to prepare myself for coaching after being offered and accepting the position at Sac State. This progressed over a choppy 4 weeks with different events, and the stress of moving across the country. Also, this attempt was all on my own. After arriving on campus I received some initial coaching from Jared and Tom DiStasio, two SSCs, in order to better understand and implement the method with myself. I was able to train for about another 4 weeks before my athletes were on campus. At that point, I was thrown into the fire of coaching it with my athletes, as well as assisting with the football team. It consisted of constantly watching the videos for teaching progressions and hearing the lifts taught every chance I got. I was definitely sold, not only with my athletes but also personally, with how I knew it worked myself.
JN: My first initial thought was, “Why is no one doing this?” I could not believe it. I was never taught how to squat, press, or pull in any of the ways that the book says. Therefore, two things clicked for me. The first was, even though this seems like the best way, there are definitely other ways to do it. The second was, I already did it all the other ways, so I’ll try this way. I was not sold right away until I tried it all for myself. Once I tried it on myself and over time saw dramatic changes in my technique as well as overall health, I knew this is what I needed in my life for longevity.
Jared: How did each of you start to implement it? At Sacramento State, we use all of the technical models for Squat, Deadlift, Clean, Bench, and Press. We also use an LP when we can, obviously adjusted for our specific situation. We have used modified versions of the Texas Method with good success also. We went all in, taught everything, all at once. We quit high-bar and front squatting initially, so as not to interfere with learning the low-bar squat.
NM: Our use of the Starting Strength techniques has been a progression over several years. In 2015, our redshirt scheduled lifts were on Monday night, and Tuesday and Thursday mornings. Because of that schedule, we performed a predominantly lower body lift on Monday night, a predominantly upper body lift on Tuesday and then a total body lift on Thursday. At that time we squatted 2 days per week, one was a front squat and one was a low-bar squat. We did use a 3×5 linear progression watching the last set and increasing 5 lb for the next workout. At that time, we were not using the technical model to teach the lifts.
Early on in my career, I did not use the Deadlift with my athletes. My thought was that the back squat was our lower body strength exercise and that our time would be better used focusing on Olympic lift variations instead of the deadlift. In my exposure to Starting Strength, I began using the deadlift in my own training. I noticed that not only was my back stronger but I had much less or no back pain.
Also in 2015, one of my graduate assistants began using the SS LP and then Texas Method with one of our male cheerleaders. His success and improvement inspired me and the rest of the staff to look into it even closer. Then in 2016, I had a student athlete who was off-campus for an entire semester and would not be participating in spring football practice. This allowed me to train him using a LP and then a Texas method for the entire semester. He had significant improvement over that time even though he was training on his own.
In 2016, one of my assistants (Adam Parsons, now at Colorado State) convinced me to low-bar squat the football redshirts 2x/week instead of using the front squat. We still had the same 3-day lifting schedule of Monday, Tuesday & Thursday. Additionally, 2016 is when we started deadlifting our redshirts.
In 2017, I convinced our head FB coach to allow our redshirts to train on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, which allowed us to use a 3-day total-body program and follow the Starting Strength model more closely. I remember telling my assistants that since we would have them low-bar squatting 3x/week, they might stall out sooner so we would need to be ready to make the modifications earlier. I could not have been more wrong. Hitting this 48-hour stress, recovery, adaptation cycle allowed them to continue to progress and get stronger for a much longer time. Low-bar squatting 3x/week and having them lifting on a Monday, Wednesday, and Friday schedule worked so well, our redshirts kept progressing throughout our entire fall in-season period, which included a deep FCS playoff run to the Semifinals.
Including our fall camp training period, it was a 21-week linear progression. We saw our redshirts get stronger than any previous class of freshman. On average, we saw a 6 lb increase in lean body mass as measured using the Sloan formula and skin caliper measurement. We also saw an average increase of 2.5 inch vertical jump improvement. We did no plyometrics. The only explosive training we did were variations of the Olympic lifts.
We had a 6’8” offensive lineman that asked me, “Doesn’t the low-bar back squat hurt your back?” when we were teaching them the lifts. I informed him that though the low-bar requires a more horizontal back angle, it will not hurt your back. If you use the back musculature to stabilize the spine in a neutral position and use the Valsalva maneuver to assist that stabilization and progress through a steady slow linear progression, it will strengthen the musculature of the back as well as the legs.
This 6’8” offensive lineman told me his best set of five in high school was 315 and his best 1RM was 375 lb. During fall camp they only lifted 2x/week, and since he had not been here in the summer we used that time to teach him the lifts. In September, we began the 3x/week Monday/Wednesday/Friday lifting schedule. In week seven of his LP he did 3×5 at 145 kg (319 lb). I remember watching him complete a workout shortly after that where it was really tough and I thought we would have to add a light day soon. Then with adjusting his nutrition, sleep, and rest time between sets, he just took off and was able to keep progressing 3x/week.
He progressed another 5 weeks on 3×5, and finished his 3×5 with 182.5 kg (402 lb), 25 lb above his previous all-time 1RM. At the end of our playoff run, he hit 3 singles at 207.5 kg (457 lb) over 80 lb above his previous 1RM from high school. Later in off-season training his freshman year he squatted 500 lb. Again, he is a 300 lb offensive linemen, but he is also 6’8”.
We now use the SS technical model to teach the lifts as well as follow a LP slightly modified. We have used a 4-day split Texas method in our off-season training with football. In the summer training phase, we utilized an Intensity Cycle Texas Method on a four-day split. We used this off-season format for several years now with our football team.
AS: I attempt to use each aspect of the methodology with my athletes, sometimes needing to modify it based on their frequency in the weight room and the inclusion of what sport coaches deemed “sport specific” movements into the program. At Sacramento State, as well as Northern Illinois University, I started each of my teams on a NLP with the four main barbell lifts – Squat, Deadlift, Bench Press, Press – with later inclusion of the Power Clean, Power Jerk, and Power Snatch. Each team I worked with learned the low-bar squat and “high hips” variation of the pull from the ground for the deadlift and power clean. Depending on the team, I decided whether to teach the hip bounce in the press or keep a more strict variation. All freshmen each successive year start with a workout A/B format for as long as possible, with the inclusion of a row variation and a chin-grip lat pulldown. I worked mainly with female teams and found that I could continue for a decent period of time – maybe another 4-6 weeks – with a 3×5 work set scheme before changing to 3×3 work sets. With returning athletes that had been training with me for at least a year, I utilize a modified version of Texas Method (Intensity Day and Volume Day) with their off-season training. While some aspects were modified, I generally used every aspect of the SS Model I could with my teams. However, inconvenient breaks in the academic schedule or changes in a team’s training schedule (added voluntary or mandatory hours) always required strategic modification to address the Stress/Recovery/Adaptation cycle, the underpinnings of the SS method.
JN: For me, as a one-man wrecking crew with 515 student athletes in a 2,000 square foot facility and no help whatsoever, I rely on pure strength-based movements as discussed in Starting Strength. Once I develop a good base of motor pattern development as well as strength, then I incorporate the clean and other variations of triple extension for training power. I love the utilization progression for squatting with the tennis ball under the chin as well as the squat stretch. I also am a big proponent of the rule of 5s.
Jared: I guess we should let each of you clarify what “Starting Strength” means. What aspects of the methodology are each of you using in your program?
NM: To me, Starting Strength is an exquisitely simple progression but a complex and detailed teaching method to improve strength. We now use the technical model to teach the Squat, Deadlift, Bench Press, and Press. We have taught the freshman using the SS technical model for the Squat, Deadlift, Press, and Bench Press for 3 years. We utilize the Press 1.0 and Press 1.5 but I have not taught the Press 2.0. We use a slightly modified LP. We use an 3x/week A/B schedule. We squat and deadlift every workout initially and alternate the press and bench press. After about 3-4 weeks, we introduce the power clean and alternate it with the deadlift. We will utilize a rowing exercise on the bench press day and a chin-up on the press day. We will also use an RDL or Glute/Ham Raise on the power clean day.
AS: As I said before, I was introduced to SS at Sacramento State with two Starting Strength coaches on staff. We implemented all of the models for the main barbell exercises as well as Power Clean, Power Snatch, and Power Jerk being team-dependent. After my transition to Northern Illinois University, I implemented the Starting Strength model with each of my teams (softball and women’s basketball) from scratch as soon as I got on campus, and eventually picked up volleyball and went through the same process with them as well. Each team was a little different, because softball (3x/week) was starting in the off-season, as was volleyball (4x/week). However, women’s basketball was in their “pre-season” stretch so I was limited in the amount of time I was going to be able to spend with them in an LP. I was able to get in about 6 weeks of decent training, but was able to start the full program in the spring post-season with them.
After my time at Sac State, I had completely adopted the Starting Strength methodology and principles as my philosophy of training. The reason I try to utilize every aspect of Starting Strength is because I think the overall concept is an approach to barbell strength that addresses exactly that – strength. It is a general approach to strengthening the athlete as a whole, and if applied correctly it will progressively make the athlete strong, and when strength is increased it increases all other physical qualities that go with it (i.e. Power, Speed, and Endurance). To me, it’s crazy that this is not a more widely accepted model in strength training.
JN: I slowly started the implementation. I will say that I do not teach the SS Method to a T, but the BIG components of how to perform each exercise is what I focus on. However, with the level of athletic ability my athletes have, as well as the number of athletes I coach at once, I mix in things from previous years of experience to help along the process. All my strength-based teams low-bar squat. No team does front squats or high-bar. The only time I have my athletes front squat is after they catch the clean and that is purely to help them developing the feel of catching the barbell low and having the strength to stand up. Some weaker individuals start with simple push-ups or dumbbells if they are unable to bench press or military press the barbell. Once I feel the athletes are capable of squatting consistently, hinging properly, and developing some strength, then I will progress them to the clean.
Jared: Have you noticed any changes in training results or performance (objectively or subjectively) since implementing the SS philosophy?
NM: This current year with our freshman football players, we had 21 athletes show up in June. We tested their body composition and then tested again the last week of October. Many of the guys have progressed to needing a light day on squat, and several are on sets of 3. On average, those 21 guys have added 8.4 lb of lean body mass and lost 4.76 lb of body fat. The linear progression is the fastest way to get strong, but “slow cooking” the progress allows that progression to continue. Our freshmen are getting a lot stronger than previous classes by the slow steady progression of 3x/week.
AS: I think the main results I have noticed, objectively, are 1.) the effectiveness of the teaching progressions for the main lifts throughout all the sports I have worked with. Very rarely do I have an athlete that does not understand the movement progression systematically in order to perform it correctly. 2.) The fact that the movements are just about as all-inclusive as you can get, and are applicable to everybody. You will notice if you learn and follow the model of the lift, almost every athlete of any anthropometry can effectively perform the movements. And there is always room for modifications in special circumstances. 3) By meeting the three criteria (most muscle mass, most effective ROM, to move most weight) each of the athletes I have worked with has progressed for a significant period of time, even the ones who “didn’t want to lift heavy.”
In my career, I have followed the Starting Strength Method since becoming a full-time strength coach, so my comparison with other systems for changes in training results or performance would be difficult to specify. My time spent as a graduate assistant was very much about finding what worked for my athletes, keeping them safe throughout their time in the weight room, and also keeping the coaches happy so as to not ruffle any feathers while just beginning my career. However, prior to my adoption of the SS Method I personally trained with a high-bar squat variation, lower hip pull (deadlift, clean), and rarely barbell pressed. After my time as an athlete, athletic trainers told me that I would never (or should never) squat again because I have practically no menisci in my knees. I continued to do so because of the career I had chosen, but I will say that I have never felt as strong as I do now since beginning SS in 2015.
I would say the biggest change has been overall back strength. On top of that, my knees have held up well. The occasional ache here and there, but I would say the overall strength in the musculature surrounding my knees has helped tremendously. I owe a lot to Jared Nessland and Tom DiStasio for showing me the light.
JN: I have definitely noticed a change in training results and performance. The kids are healthier, so they are able to perform more consistently. Whether they win or lose is not something I can control, but the best athletes on our teams are able to be on the field of play longer, to give them a better chance of winning. Claims and surgeries have decreased across the board by 85% within one year. Read that again, as it’s very important. Also, the athletes are easier to coach and improve because they understand the simple coaching cues in the big movements. Therefore, relationship-wise, it has allowed my athletes to trust me and me to trust them. Not to mention that every athlete has gotten stronger across the board. In big or small amounts, all the athletes I train have gotten stronger. There are many factors that play into that, but the SS model has definitely helped me coach a large number of athletes using a simple approach to increase their strength and conditioning.
Jared: What was been the reaction from the coaches and athletes? I know here, we do not really say “Starting Strength” and have quit saying the words “low-bar.” Instead just saying back squat. It’s just not worth the trouble trying to justify something they do not understand and will not try to. We just have to battle the occasional coach watching a workout and telling the athlete to look up during squats! The athletes just know we back squat differently than they were taught in high school.
NM: I have not really explained a lot of it to our coaches, but I do explain it to our student athletes. I tell them that we will teach you a little different way to do the barbell exercises than you have probably learned before. The linear progression is a very simple and effective tool to improve strength, but it also becomes a test of mental fortitude to push through and complete the 3 sets of 5. I preach that the athletes need to take responsibility for their effort. I will help motivate them as needed, but I will not yell and scream and act like a clown to try to get them “hyped up.” They need to put in the effort even when they feel tired. In today’s culture, I think the linear progression has helped improve our effort, focus, and fortitude.
I have had some skill-position players who think this should just be a program for linemen but not for them, because they do not enjoy the heavy lifting. I explain to them that strength will help every position and make them more resistant to injury. I know the redshirt LP has become a rite of passage and guys will look back a year later and watch the new class of freshmen do it and talk about how hard it was. Anecdotally, I have seen that freshmen who do not redshirt and thus are not able to complete the full LP are never as strong, and I have seen many of these guys end up being hurt 2 years into their career.
AS: After initially addressing the differences in the movements, I have not really addressed it again with my coaches. They understand my appreciation for the barbell lifts and understand that I am a barbell-oriented coach. I think across the board it is always “mixed reviews” depending on the time of year. They like it in the off-season when they see athletes are getting strong and moving some weight well, but they feel as though the barbell lifts are not as “necessary” at certain times throughout the season.
As for the athletes, I like to believe, for the most part, that the reaction is always positive. After the initial introduction to the movements which always includes a learning curve and unlearning any bad habits/technical errors they learned in high school or with a previous coach, they typically feel as though they are getting stronger and “using more muscles” or “using muscles they never have before.” That being said, I think there is always a spectrum in collegiate athletics: some athletes love the grind and love to train, and others only enjoy the sports-practice aspect of their collegiate experience.
JN: I say “low-bar squats” all the time. I call it how I see it. I even say we low-bar squat because we squat low…with a bar! There has been great buy-in from the athletes. Everyone understands the difference and they can certainly feel it as well. No coaches give me any issues with my exercises or progressions. Many athletes who have had knee problems no longer have knee problems. Kids with lower back problems no longer have issues because now their backs are actually strong. My baseball and softball players’ shoulder health has been amazing. I managed to decrease the amount of money in claims for injuries and surgeries across the board by 85% in one year, though I still have yet to see a penny of the money saved in claims in my paycheck!
Jared: Why do you think Starting Strength has not caught on and become more popular in collegiate strength and conditioning?
NM: There are many reasons why it has not caught on. Some of them are related to the reasons Rip criticizes the collegiate S&C profession. I mentioned above that some skill players think this program should be for linemen but not for them. There has always been the idea in athletics that if you are asking an athlete to lift heavy weights with barbells then you are “trying to make them into a powerlifter.” Additionally, S&C coaches need to keep the sport coach happy, and that can result in less-than-optimal training. In an attempt to keep the coach or athlete happy, enter”train”ment can happen. But I think the biggest reason is that it seems too simple. Everyone wants to seem smart and no one wants to miss out on some new form of training. Coaches see others using big words and complex exercises and periodization schemes. They look around at fancy exercises, and believe they need to use them as well or they will fall behind, or be perceived as “just doing what they did in the “80s.”
AS: I think one main reason is that you have to be all-in with your teaching progressions and programming. To me, if you adopt the model and teach it all right off the bat, it becomes more efficient to teach with each incoming class, because the expectations have already been set. In addition, you are dealing with an array of different stresses in collegiate athletics – whether we care to admit it or not, we are not the only stress on the athlete’s body. They endure upwards of 3-4 hour practices that consist of sport skills and more often than not conditioning or workouts of some sort implemented by the sport coaches.
This has a major effect on their recovery and ultimately their progression through the program; however, there are ways to implement this with athletes appropriately. It just takes some manipulation and a solid coaching eye to do so. I think some strength coaches try to find an appropriate way to marry all of these stresses, so they end up sacrificing things that would help strengthen their athletes and prevent injury. I also believe that sometimes we are afraid for our athletes to push through or grind through a set fearing injury, or athletes saying you “made them sore.” I think that dampens the collegiate strength coach’s ability to apply a new strength stress to the athlete, so they err on the side of variation or complexity. I think given the time to understand the Starting Strength model they would see the basic and general theme of the method: making athletes stronger and more resilient.
JN: With decades of research and application from various strength professionals there are many things young collegiate strength coaches read about and want to implement. I am a big believer in not coaching an exercise you are unable to perform correctly yourself. Many young coaches will try multiple variations of training as they read about each one – HIIT, Starting Strength, Velocity Based, etc. But ultimately it is the person who is going to be coaching the movement that should feel comfortable teaching it. Getting younger coaches to read and learn about Starting Strength would certainly help this profession. A lot of young strength coaches just fall into the system in which they developed.
For a young strength coach who grew up playing football, did a bodybuilding split in high school, got to college and had a strength coach who was more HIIT-based, graduates, goes on to do an internship with the same strength coach, and then finally moves on to be an assistant or head strength coach at a different school, chances are they are going to coach athletes using the same model of bodybuilding mixed with some HIIT. Young coaches tend to mimic what they already know until they either get fired or check their ego to learn more forms and styles of training athletes. I certainly think we should get the Starting Strength book into young coaches hands, the earlier the better. That’s what I do with my interns at Southwestern.
Jared: What obstacles have you encountered implementing the program, either with the types of athletes you get or in a big group setting?
NM: It can be hard to implement the LP with a large group if you do not have enough coaches to get around and see everyone’s last set. We are able to use it with our FB freshman because we will have 4-5 coaches on the floor. That may not be possible with a large swim team because there may be only 1 or 2 coaches on the floor. Other obstacles can be like I mentioned previously there is a perception that you are trying to make the student-athlete into a powerlifter. This can come from the athletes themselves or the coaches. Additionally, there can be a motivation obstacle: often the athlete loves playing the sport but does not enjoy training for the sport. In today’s social media quick fix, short attention span culture the monotony of squatting three times per week and always doing the same thing can lead to a motivation challenge.
AS: I think the most difficult obstacle I’ve encountered are the breaks in the academic schedule or voluntary periods of training where you are not able to continue the progression with the athletes. You will always have a group of athletes that come in voluntarily or stick around during breaks; those are usually a rarity in college. But they will be a big help in determining the best course of action for the majority when they return to campus.
As far as implementing the program with different types of athletes, I work primarily with female sports and you will sometimes get the age-old objection that “I don’t want to lift too much because I don’t want to get bulky.” It will always be an uphill battle, convincing some female athletes that the structure of the program is strength and they are not performing the volume or doing the “outside activities” necessary to put on a great deal of muscle mass.
As far as a group setting, I like to perform “watch” sets on their last work set of the movement in order to progress them appropriately during the phase they are in. This requires a great amount of coaching during their work sets before in order to ensure that the sets prior to their last, when my eyes are on them, all look the same. This, more often than not, requires a superset/triple in order to help the athletes finish the whole workout while they rest for their watch set. Not an ideal situation, but necessary for the environment I work in.
JN: As I have mentioned before, I am a one-man wrecking crew in charge of 515 student athletes within 2,000 square feet of space. The biggest group I train at a time is about 50 athletes and the smallest is about 12 athletes. There are many challenges I face when dealing with that many athletes in a small space – I average anywhere from 25-35 athletes at a time in the weight room. I have found it necessary to use other avenues, like the bodyweight squat stretch with a tennis ball under the chin, more than some other coaches who have a better situation than I do. The amount of equipment, the layout of the room, and time I have with each team does not always allow me to progress as fast as I would like. Some athletes pick up the coaching quicker, but others are not able to.
I also don’t like to move on from one teaching progression to another unless everyone is on the same page. This is due to the lack of supervising eyes I have in the weight room besides myself, which is none. The types of athletes I have are just slightly more advanced than a good high school football program produces. A lot of the athletes have zero training experience when they come in as freshmen. Some athletes from sports like football, basketball, softball, baseball, or maybe lacrosse have some idea about weight training. Most of the ones that do only like bench pressing and curls. I’d say maybe a handful of kids had an actual strength coach in their high school, who sometimes did more harm than good. I walk around a lot and coach the athletes quickly, using one or two coaching points each week. I hammer on the bigger issues, then work towards the smaller ones as they develop the pattern.
Is it ideal? Absolutely not. Has it worked for me? Absolutely. One last note, the athletes do not stick around in the summer. Including breaks during the academic year and summertime, the athletes have a total of about 5 months of unsupervised work, where I rely on them to continue their training with the program I give them. So, long-term consistent training is a problem. Imagine if every other month every company in the world just stopped working. Nothing would ever progress much, and that’s what I have to work with.
Jared: Thanks everyone for taking time out of your busy schedules and giving us a look into a collegiate strength program. Good luck this year!
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As we celebrate today, Thanksgiving Day with family and friends, let’s take a moment to give thanks to the One who made it all happen for you and I.
This is the day that we set aside each year to be thankful. It goes beyond the turkey, dressing and pie. This day is a reflection of how we all came to be.
From a purely linguistic approach, let’s talk about the word Thanksgiving and see how it has biblical application:
In the King James version of the Bible:
The word thanks appears 73 times
The word thanksgiving appears 28 times
The word thank appears 27 times
The word thanked appears 3 times
The word thankful appears 3 times
The word thanksgivings appears 2 times
The word thankfulness appears 1 time
The word thanking appears 1 time
The word thankworthy appears 1 time
Thankfulness is a big deal in the Bible. In fact, it’s one of the few specific things that we’re told is God’s will for us (1 Thes 5:18).
So, what does it mean to give thanks?
Several Greek and Hebrew words are translated “thanks” and “thanksgiving” in the Bible, but here are the big two:
This is the main word for thanks in the Old Testament. The concept of thanks comes up 102 times in the Old Testament, and this word is used 72 of those times. Here’s the definition:
“Acknowledging what is right about God in praise and thanksgiving (1 Chr. 16:34).”
It can also mean “a right acknowledgment of self before God in confessing sin (Lev. 26:40).”
Thankfulness comes up 71 times in the New Testament, and most of those instances are this word, or related to this word. The definition: “To show oneself grateful, to be thankful, to give thanks […] used in a religious sense with or without reference to God.”
Even Jesus gave thanks before eating his last supper with the apostles (1 Co 11:24).
Feeling and expressing appreciation is good for us. Like any wise father, God wants us to learn to be thankful for all the gifts He has given us (James 1:17). It is in our best interest to be reminded that everything we have is a gift from Him. Without gratefulness, we become arrogant and self-centered. We begin to believe that we have achieved everything on our own. Thankfulness keeps our hearts in right relationship to the Giver of all good gifts.
Giving thanks also reminds us of how much we do have. Human beings are prone to covetousness. We tend to focus on what we don’t have. By giving thanks continually we are reminded of how much we do have. When we focus on blessings rather than wants, we are happier. When we start thanking God for the things we usually take for granted, our perspective changes. We realize that we could not even exist without the merciful blessings of God.
First Thessalonians 5:18 says, “In everything give thanks; for this is God’s will for you in Christ Jesus.” We are to be thankful not only for the things we like, but for the circumstances we don’t like. When we choose to thank God for everything that He allows to come into our lives, we keep bitterness at bay. We cannot be both thankful and bitter at the same time. We do not thank Him for evil, but that He is sustaining us through it (James 1:12). We don’t thank Him for harm He did not cause, but we thank Him when He gives us the strength to endure it (2 Corinthians 12:9). We thank Him for His promise that “all things will work together for the good, to those who love God and are called according to His purpose” (Romans 8:28).
We can have thankful hearts toward God even when we do not feel thankful for the circumstance. We can grieve and still be thankful. We can hurt and still be thankful. We can be angry at sin and still be thankful toward God. That is what the Bible calls a “sacrifice of praise” (Hebrews 13:15). Giving thanks to God keeps our hearts in right relationship with Him and saves us from a host of harmful emotions and attitudes that will rob us of the peace God wants us to experience (Philippians 4:6–7).
The word “Give” appears 921 times in the Bible, almost as many times as “Faith” (270), “Hope” (165), and “Love” (541) added together. Giving is an expression of faith, hope, and love.
Give is mentioned more than any other subject in the Bible:
2 times more than Heaven and Hell combined
3 times more than love
7 times more than prayer
8 times more than belief
17 of 38 parables involve the concept of giving
15% of God’s Word discusses giving
2,350 verses discuss giving
With our hectic schedules, with life coming at us at high speed, and the ever-present need to problem-solve from sun up to sundown, life quickly becomes exhausting and overwhelming. And with that exhaustion and overwhelm often comes a forgetfulness of the good things in our lives.
We’ve been focused on the hard stuff, the urgent stuff, the not-so-good stuff and have missed opportunities to give thanks. But when we purposefully and consciously take the time daily to stop and give Him thanks, we’re able to put life into perspective.
Though today’s world seems scary and uncertain, when we show our gratitude to God for all He is, all He’s given, all He continues to provide, we’re reminded of His faithfulness. When we offer up prayers of thanksgiving, our minds are opened to recall times when we’ve trusted Him and He saw us through that difficult time. He was faithful and He will be faithful. When we give thanks, we’re further made aware of how every good and perfect thing we’re blessed with is from Him.
God is a loving Father who wants the very best for us. He yearns for our hearts to be full of praise and thanksgiving, because He knows that when that’s not the case we’re prone to discontentment. And a heart that is discontent leads to a life of strife, jealousy, and ultimately makes us more vulnerable to the schemes of the enemy
Today, no matter how busy or hectic our schedules may be, let’s pledge our obedience to start purposefully, daily, giving thanks for how He has blessed us and for who He is.
Have a happy, healthy Thanksgiving!
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Menopause is inevitable for every woman, and this time of life can be a pleasant experience if you are proactive with hormone balancing when these changes are occurring within your body. What many women don’t realize is that they will actually go through several stages of hormone changes, including perimenopause, before menopause occurs.
What is Menopause?
When a woman goes through menopause, her body will stop having a monthly cycle. This stage is normal and expected, and once menopause has occurred a woman can no longer reproduce. For many women, this experience happens in their late 40s or early 50s, although it might happen earlier depending on a woman’s hormone levels.
What is Perimenopause?
Your body won’t make the transition to menopause overnight, unless there is a medical procedure that causes “sudden menopause.” This sudden change only happens in situations where a woman has a treatment that directly impacts hormone production, such as having her ovaries removed.
Instead of going into natural menopause suddenly, there is actually a transition period known as “perimenopause.” Typically, this transition starts between 8 and 10 years before full menopause happens, and the transition causes a gradual decrease in hormone levels. Most women experience the onset of perimenopause in their 40’s, but some women might start experiencing the symptoms in their 30’s. This transitionary period of perimenopause will continue until menopause starts, which happens when the body stops releasing eggs.
Symptoms of Perimenopause and Menopause
The symptoms of perimenopause and menopause are quite similar, and many women notice that the symptoms get worse as the hormone changes increase. Common symptoms include:
- Hot flashes
- Mood swings
- Decreased libido
- Vaginal dryness
- Breast Tenderness
- Frequent urination
- Sleeping problems
Balancing Your Hormones
Regardless of your age, you can take a proactive approach to balance your hormones and reduce the impact of these symptoms. Improving your overall health will have a direct impact on the way your hormones are released within your body, which means that you have some control over the way you are affected by hormone changes during perimenopause and menopause. If you want to minimize the uncomfortable symptoms, then you need to be proactive to make healthy food and lifestyle choices every day.
Examples of healthy choices include sufficient sleep each night, eating healthy foods, staying away from sugar and junk food, exercising regularly, and avoiding alcohol/smoking. Many women also find that it is beneficial to use a high quality supplement to balance their hormones and support overall health and wellness. The Luminology supplements offered here on our website are great for women of all ages. Take a look at the options that are available, and you will see that there are different products that you can use depending on your stage of life.
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Simple. Hard. Obviously.
by Jim Steel | November 26, 2019
You ever seen stuff from the old days, or even in movies, where a salesman has a “magic elixir” that will “cure what ever ails you,” but really has cocaine and/or alcohol as the main ingredient? Everyone gathered around, listening to this guy’s bullshit. It was bad for you – it could kill you – but it was easy. It was exotic. It was new! And people loved it.
People didn’t know shit back then. Easy is better, right? Sorry, Charlie. It doesn’t work that way, in anything, but especially when it comes to the weight room and getting stronger.
I am not surprised. Let’s put it this way: I shouldn’t be surprised when people fall for silly shit when it comes to strength and conditioning. The problem is that it’s simple when training athletes, but everyone wants to make it gimmicky and new so that they can be seen as geniuses when they really don’t get it, or when they are afraid, yes, afraid of hard work and being uncomfortable. So they avoid deadlifts and squats and presses, and do things like throw an unweighted swiss ball and call it functional. And athletes fall for it, because what the hell do they know anyway? They trust the guy and do what he says, and then they get hurt or their career ends. It happens all the time. Like a pro football player going vegan because of cow farts. Gone. Right out of the league.
Bottom line? Get strong as hell in the weight room. I’ll handle that part. You as a sport coach? Make them great players. With coaching. Stuff that you know about. Not strength and conditioning. You know zero about it. You wanna piss somebody off? Tell them that they know zero, and make the “zero” sign with your hand. Say it a bunch. They will go nuts. I did that to a supervisor that literally started crying. Well, stay in your lane and I won’t make you cry.
I’ve done it to coaches as joke. Just when they pissed me off, mostly. Yes Coach! We are going to be absolutely “sports specific” with your team with our exercises! Are strong legs specific to your sport? Alrighty then! Yes sir, we are gonna squat!
Some athletes get it. I was coaching a volleyball team in the weight room one day. They were between coaches (again). And one of the players came up to me and said, “I hope they don’t hire someone who tries to change what we do in here.” I asked why not, and she said, “Because we never get hurt, and we know this is why.” What did I do with them? Squats, deadlifts, presses, sets of 5, sets of 3, sets of 1. That’s all. No major injuries, no missed playing time. And nothing that “mimics” the skill in the weight room.
Don’t add weights to your bat. Don’t use a weighted racket. Don’t tie a bat to a lat pulldown machine and swing (as a division one baseball coach asked me to do). You will lose your skill – it changes your skill to swinging a bat tied to a lat machine. And it doesn’t make you stronger, because if you can swing it, it’s not heavy enough to make you stronger. Practice the skill the same way that you will use it in a game, and get stronger in the weight room, under a heavy-ass bar.
Nah, that just makes too much sense.
Maybe, just maybe, the coaches of the sport can’t teach the skills correctly, so they try all kinds of bullshit to mask their ineptness. I have so many stories of “new age” ideas causing nothing but harm to athletes. I’ve had coaches tell their athletes not to lift, to just do abs, that doing air squats will prepare a soccer team for handling the forces they will encounter on the field (ACL injuries out the ass on that particular team). I’ve had idiotic, inept supervisors rail against squatting and pulling heavy just because they were personally scared of actually lifting weights.
You can meditate and do yoga until your balls fall off, but if our talent is equal and I’m stronger than you, I will always beat you. Always. Whether you have visualized it, stood on a med ball and danced about it, had lots of positive thoughts about it, or “functionally trained” for it, if our talent is equal and I am stronger, I will meditate you right into the losers department.
I train people who go to war (real war, not sports), and if they screw up, they die. Guess what they do in the weight room? They lift heavy weights in the basic exercises, so that if they have to they can carry their buddies on their shoulders, so that when they get in a hand-to-hand combat situation, they are strong enough to kill the enemy. Because if the enemy’s fighting talent is equal to his, but my guy is stronger, he will kill his enemy. They don’t have time for any bullshit, because their lives are on the line. If I told these guys that they should meditate and do yoga and not lift weights and not get stronger, they would be done with me in a second. Because they are also real smart, and they are not swooned by utter bullshit.
I have a tendency to believe that the reason folks don’t embrace true things a lot of times is because they are afraid. Afraid of the uncomfortable feeling that arises when the bar is on your back or your head feels like its going to explode when you deadlift. Its uncomfortable, and if you have a little spindly never-played-a-sport-in-his-life “strength coach” whispering in your ear that holding a ball over your head and dancing will make you better than getting stronger (a real life example), and you are already afraid, you will have a tendency to listen, because you are already leaning towards softness and away from your fear.
And then the “coach” will tell you that only football players need to be strong, but your sport (anything but football) is a finesse sport, and you need to be flexible and dynamic and weak as a kitten. They mask it with mumbo jumbo and question why a pro athlete should squat when they make so much money already.
Huh? So weaker is better? It’s not, it never is, and it will never will be. I don’t give a shit if you are a singer, if you were stronger you would sing better. Those spindly soft pop singers that the girls swoon over would be belting out love songs much better if they squatted.
It’s pathetic, but its a sign of the times. Everyone gets a platform to espouse what they believe is right. That’s cool. But I just can’t figure out why folks can’t see that the simple hard way is the best way. Hell, it is always the best way.
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If you’re feeling stuck, frustrated that your efforts haven’t delivered the results you wanted, and you are spinning your wheels, then the answer is a simple, yes. You should audit your training.
What do I mean by audit your training? Well, it’s simple really. You need to make sure what you’re doing will actually get you where you want to go. This sounds obvious, and you’re probably thinking that of course if you train hard you’ll get there, and I get it, I really do—but if that’s the case why aren’t you there now? You’d be surprised by how many people I see that tell me the same thing, and when I review what they’ve been doing it paints a pretty similar scenario. They haven’t achieved the results they want because they haven’t really trained for it.
It’s All About the Goal
Let’s take a step back from your weekly training, even monthly training, and look at the big picture. The most important part of any program isn’t the exercises we use, it isn’t the sets and the reps or the time even. The single most important part is the goal itself. Without a goal how do we know how to set up all of the former? We don’t really, do we?
Step one of auditing your program is to outline your goal—and be very specific with this part. “I want to be jacked” doesn’t count. “It would be nice to be a little stronger” doesn’t count, either. It needs to be something you can actually plan to achieve. Something specific like, “I want to add 10kg to my squat.” Or “I want to lose 5kg and maintain my muscle mass.” Even “I want to get as strong as I can” will work. Your goal also needs to have some form of time constraint on it. For example, “I want to add 10kg to my squat in the next 2 months.” Great—we now have a goal. So, you need to figure out your specific goal, and then write it down.
From here, work backwards. Once you know what the goal is and what the time constraints are you can start to map out your program. This is where we start to think about planning the way in which we will progress throughout the program. Are you going to make weekly increases in sets/reps/weight? Are you going to increase the time we spend running? Are you going to make more/less frequent increases? Obviously this is an outline. I’m not suggesting you need to have every single incremental increase planned (although you could), but you need to have an idea of the planned increases, at the very least.
Map Out Your Plan
After this, we can then map out all the fun stuff like which exercises you’ll use and how you’ll structure your training week. When you do this, it’s important to prioritize your plan according to your goal. So, if the goal was to increase your squat but you only squat once a week, and you spend three workouts hitting chest and back, it’s probably not a surprise you don’t achieve a great increase in your squat, right? (You’d be surprised how often this is the case.) When you structure the week, go by order of importance and filter down.
If you have multiple goals that’s 100% fine (within reason). Just follow the same principles. As a general rule, the main portion of your workout should be focused on training the main goal, next should be things that may assist you (known as assistance work), and after that train anything else you feel like might be a good idea. I like to think like this: Do what you have to do, then do what you should do, and only after that do what you like to do. That’s a pretty sure-fire way to stay honest about your training.
Once you’ve mapped out your program, you need to revisit your goal, then re-read your program. Make sure it matches. Do this several times and make sure that your program reflects your goals. That’s how you make progress.
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